A loan agreement is the document which represents the formal evidence of a loan. The document also includes important details such as covenants, positive or negative ones, the information on the collateral such as loan type and its value, as well as guarantees, the applicable interest rates, fees, the conditions according to which the loan is to be repaid, and the period of repayment envisaged.
When you have a financial crisis, it is quite common that we search for various sources of funding. Though we might have helped our friends, they cannot do much when we are in need due to several reasons. If we maintain good credit score, then the best source for funding your needs is taking a loan that you can get through loan agreement process.
The first thing that should be checked while signing the agreement is the interest rate as it may create stress on you while repaying the loan amount. With the current income level, you should be able to validate whether you can afford to repay the loan at the interest mentioned in the loan agreement.
For commercial banks and large finance companies, "loan agreements" are usually not categorized although "loan portfolios" are often broadly characterized into "personal" and "commercial" loans while the "commercial" category is then subdivided into "industrial" and "commercial real estate" loans. "Industrial" loans are those that depend on the cashflow and creditworthiness of the company and the widgets or service that it sells. "Commercial real estate" loans are those that repay loans but that depend on the rental revenues paid by tenants who lease space, usually for extended times. More granular categorizations of loan portfolios exist but these are always variations around the larger themes.
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