Besides a standard loan for which a loan agreement is drawn up, there is another popular type of loan, the demand loan. That is a short term loan, with a period of repayment for up to 180 days. The date for the repayment of the loan is not fixed, and the interest rate for it is a floating one. The demand loan offers advantages for both borrowers and lenders. The lender can demand the repayment of the loan at any time, and on the other hand, the borrower does not need to adhere to a repayment in installments, as the repayment should be made for the entire amount. Furthermore, demand loans are easier to qualify for.
Defined and addressed in the contract are the issues concerning the agreement. First and foremost, the rights and obligations of both parties must be defined in the written contract. Termination of contract and termination fees should also be included. Commonly, you will find the interest rates and other applicable fees included in the agreement.
Loan agreements, like any contract, reflect an "offer," the "acceptance of the offer," "consideration," and can only involve situations that are "legal" (a term loan agreement involving heroin drug sales is not "legal"). Loan agreements are documented via their commitment letters, agreements that reflect the understandings reached between the involved parties, a promissory note, and a collateral agreement (such as a mortgage or a personal guarantee). Loan agreements offered by regulated banks are different from those that are offered by finance companies in that banks receive a "banking charter" granted as a privilege and involving the "public trust."
To sum up, the loan agreement contains the terms and the conditions that are pointed out so that the borrower can draw out a loan. The terms and conditions are set by the lender, which can be a bank, or another type of financial institution. In fact, the loan represents a type of "facility" that is offered by the lender, and that is why the agreement on the conditions under which a loan can be taken out is also referred to as a facility agreement. The agreement comprises four sections.