Always obtain loan agreements in writing and read the fine print. One of the biggest mistakes borrowers make is entering into verbal agreements. If things go wrong there is no evidence to prove the case. Debtors should know the number of deferred payments, payment schedule, fees or penalties, and how the lender reports suspended payments to credit bureaus.
A loan agreement is the document which represents the formal evidence of a loan. The document also includes important details such as covenants, positive or negative ones, the information on the collateral such as loan type and its value, as well as guarantees, the applicable interest rates, fees, the conditions according to which the loan is to be repaid, and the period of repayment envisaged.
Whatever is agreed regarding applicable penalties for late or inability to comply should not only be discussed but also defined. Payment deadlines also should be set and included in the loan agreement as well. In order to effectively carry out the terms in the agreement, it is but proper to include the contact information of both the lender and debtor should the need arise to call them out.
Prior to entering into a loan agreement, the "borrower" first makes representations about his affairs surrounding his character, creditworthiness, cashflow, and any collateral that he may have available to pledge as security for a loan. These representations are taken into consideration and the lender then determines under what conditions (terms), if any, they are prepared to advance money.
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