For commercial banks and large finance companies, "loan agreements" are usually not categorized although "loan portfolios" are often broadly characterized into "personal" and "commercial" loans while the "commercial" category is then subdivided into "industrial" and "commercial real estate" loans. "Industrial" loans are those that depend on the cashflow and creditworthiness of the company and the widgets or service that it sells. "Commercial real estate" loans are those that repay loans but that depend on the rental revenues paid by tenants who lease space, usually for extended times. More granular categorizations of loan portfolios exist but these are always variations around the larger themes.
It is important to note that some banks do report deferred payments as delinquent. Therefore, it is crucial to ask lenders how they report to credit bureaus before entering into a contract. Payments reported as past due can reduce FICO scores. Depending on credit scores, a reduction of ten points can place debtors in a lower credit category; making it difficult to obtain credit in the future.
It is best to obtain a real estate forbearance agreement when deferring mortgage payments. Forbearance agreements prohibit lenders from commencing with foreclosure action unless borrowers' default on the contract. This is of particular importance when obtaining mortgage deferment to prevent foreclosure.
Besides a standard loan for which a loan agreement is drawn up, there is another popular type of loan, the demand loan. That is a short term loan, with a period of repayment for up to 180 days. The date for the repayment of the loan is not fixed, and the interest rate for it is a floating one. The demand loan offers advantages for both borrowers and lenders. The lender can demand the repayment of the loan at any time, and on the other hand, the borrower does not need to adhere to a repayment in installments, as the repayment should be made for the entire amount. Furthermore, demand loans are easier to qualify for.
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