Besides a standard loan for which a loan agreement is drawn up, there is another popular type of loan, the demand loan. That is a short term loan, with a period of repayment for up to 180 days. The date for the repayment of the loan is not fixed, and the interest rate for it is a floating one. The demand loan offers advantages for both borrowers and lenders. The lender can demand the repayment of the loan at any time, and on the other hand, the borrower does not need to adhere to a repayment in installments, as the repayment should be made for the entire amount. Furthermore, demand loans are easier to qualify for.
To stay clear of any legal involvement, both parties concerned must comply and honor all agreements made. Since the loan agreement serves as a contract and legal documentation, a violation of the terms and agreements can lead to a legal case and the written agreement can function as proof in court.
The loan agreements originated by commercial banks, savings banks, finance companies, insurance organizations, and investment banks are very different from each other and all feed a different purpose. "Commercial banks" and "Savings banks," because they accept deposits and benefit from FDIC insurance, generate loans that incorporate the concepts of the "public trust." Prior to interstate banking, that "public trust" was easily measured by State bank regulators who could see how local deposits were used to fund the working capital needs of local industry and businesses, and the benefits associated with those organization's employment.
To sum up, the loan agreement contains the terms and the conditions that are pointed out so that the borrower can draw out a loan. The terms and conditions are set by the lender, which can be a bank, or another type of financial institution. In fact, the loan represents a type of "facility" that is offered by the lender, and that is why the agreement on the conditions under which a loan can be taken out is also referred to as a facility agreement. The agreement comprises four sections.