A loan agreement is a contract between a borrower and a lender which regulates the mutual promises made by each party. There are many types of loan agreements, including "facilities agreements," "revolvers," "term loans," "working capital loans." Loan agreements are documented via a compilation of the various mutual promises made by the involved parties.
Loan agreements, like any contract, reflect an "offer," the "acceptance of the offer," "consideration," and can only involve situations that are "legal" (a term loan agreement involving heroin drug sales is not "legal"). Loan agreements are documented via their commitment letters, agreements that reflect the understandings reached between the involved parties, a promissory note, and a collateral agreement (such as a mortgage or a personal guarantee). Loan agreements offered by regulated banks are different from those that are offered by finance companies in that banks receive a "banking charter" granted as a privilege and involving the "public trust."
Every day, there are tens of thousands of these agreements signed in the United States by families looking to build their first home and by businesses looking for that next great investment. The construction loan agreement is a short term loan agreement. These types of loans are never made for permanent financing of a project, but simply to help progress construction along or to help finance the initial groundbreaking.
The interest rate for these types of loans is plus 1 percent of prime and is adjusted monthly. For these types of loans, borrowers are completely responsible for all third party costs and points can be bought with these types of loans to keep long term costs down.
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