For commercial banks and large finance companies, "loan agreements" are usually not categorized although "loan portfolios" are often broadly characterized into "personal" and "commercial" loans while the "commercial" category is then subdivided into "industrial" and "commercial real estate" loans. "Industrial" loans are those that depend on the cashflow and creditworthiness of the company and the widgets or service that it sells. "Commercial real estate" loans are those that repay loans but that depend on the rental revenues paid by tenants who lease space, usually for extended times. More granular categorizations of loan portfolios exist but these are always variations around the larger themes.
Lenders may require borrowers to submit a financial letter of hardship which explains the circumstances causing them to require a loan deferment. Hardship letters are usually required with federal student loans and real estate transactions such as loan modifications.
The first thing that should be checked while signing the agreement is the interest rate as it may create stress on you while repaying the loan amount. With the current income level, you should be able to validate whether you can afford to repay the loan at the interest mentioned in the loan agreement.
In general, the nature of the interest rate would be the main concern that may raise concerns for the individuals who take the loans. The type of loan either floating or fixed should also be clearly mentioned in the loan agreement. When you take care about the minimum details which are discussed above, you will have a perfect evidence to continue discussions with the lender. People who fail to take enough care of the loan agreement will have to face lot of problems that proves to be too costly which will continue throughout the loan tenure like the interest rate quoted higher than offered to you.
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