Loan agreements, like any contract, reflect an "offer," the "acceptance of the offer," "consideration," and can only involve situations that are "legal" (a term loan agreement involving heroin drug sales is not "legal"). Loan agreements are documented via their commitment letters, agreements that reflect the understandings reached between the involved parties, a promissory note, and a collateral agreement (such as a mortgage or a personal guarantee). Loan agreements offered by regulated banks are different from those that are offered by finance companies in that banks receive a "banking charter" granted as a privilege and involving the "public trust."
Loan agreements fall into two main types, according to the type of lender, and according to the type of facility. With respect to the type of lender, there are bilateral loans and syndicated loans. Syndicated loans are provided by groups of lenders, and their structuring and arrangement, as well as their administration, are carried out by more than one bank, commercial or investment ones, and the lending banks are also referred to as arrangers.
They are often repaid quickly with funds from the permanent financing option within only a few months. While it is possible to get a construction loan agreement without permanent financing, almost all individuals and businesses get loans like these after permanent financing has been approved. Unlike many other types of loans, the entire loan amount is seldom released all at once; instead, the necessary funds in the loan are divvied out when needed to help keep construction progressing forward.
This helps individuals from squandering much of the loan or spending more of it then they need to. If a business is seeking a construction loan agreement, most banks require personal guarantees for the loan to move forward. The maximum term on a construction loan agreement is only 12 months, which puts pressure on the borrower to repay the loan as quickly as possible.