Prior to entering into a loan agreement, the "borrower" first makes representations about his affairs surrounding his character, creditworthiness, cashflow, and any collateral that he may have available to pledge as security for a loan. These representations are taken into consideration and the lender then determines under what conditions (terms), if any, they are prepared to advance money.
They are often repaid quickly with funds from the permanent financing option within only a few months. While it is possible to get a construction loan agreement without permanent financing, almost all individuals and businesses get loans like these after permanent financing has been approved. Unlike many other types of loans, the entire loan amount is seldom released all at once; instead, the necessary funds in the loan are divvied out when needed to help keep construction progressing forward.
The third section is dedicated to the specifics of the loan transaction; it contains the responsibilities of the borrower and the lender, the measures to be undertaken in the event of the borrower's inability to repay the loan; there is also information on the extent to which changes can be made to the agreement. The third section is drawn up after detailed negotiations between the lender and the borrower.
For commercial banks and large finance companies, "loan agreements" are usually not categorized although "loan portfolios" are often broadly characterized into "personal" and "commercial" loans while the "commercial" category is then subdivided into "industrial" and "commercial real estate" loans. "Industrial" loans are those that depend on the cashflow and creditworthiness of the company and the widgets or service that it sells. "Commercial real estate" loans are those that repay loans but that depend on the rental revenues paid by tenants who lease space, usually for extended times. More granular categorizations of loan portfolios exist but these are always variations around the larger themes.
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