A loan agreement is a contract between a borrower and a lender which regulates the mutual promises made by each party. There are many types of loan agreements, including "facilities agreements," "revolvers," "term loans," "working capital loans." Loan agreements are documented via a compilation of the various mutual promises made by the involved parties.
To stay clear of any legal involvement, both parties concerned must comply and honor all agreements made. Since the loan agreement serves as a contract and legal documentation, a violation of the terms and agreements can lead to a legal case and the written agreement can function as proof in court.
"Insurance" organizations, who collect premiums for providing either life or property/casualty coverage, created their own types of loan agreements. "Banks" and "Insurance" organizations loan agreements and documentation standards evolved from their individual cultures and were governed by policies that somehow addressed each organizations liabilities (In the case of "banks," the liquidity needs of their depositors; in the case of insurance organizations, the liquidity needs associated with their expected "claims" payments).
This helps individuals from squandering much of the loan or spending more of it then they need to. If a business is seeking a construction loan agreement, most banks require personal guarantees for the loan to move forward. The maximum term on a construction loan agreement is only 12 months, which puts pressure on the borrower to repay the loan as quickly as possible.