The final fourth sections contains standard text including details such as contract information, the relationships that exist between the finance parties - in the event of more than one tender and more than one law that apply to the agreement.
Prior to entering into a loan agreement, the "borrower" first makes representations about his affairs surrounding his character, creditworthiness, cashflow, and any collateral that he may have available to pledge as security for a loan. These representations are taken into consideration and the lender then determines under what conditions (terms), if any, they are prepared to advance money.
To stay clear of any legal involvement, both parties concerned must comply and honor all agreements made. Since the loan agreement serves as a contract and legal documentation, a violation of the terms and agreements can lead to a legal case and the written agreement can function as proof in court.
For commercial banks and large finance companies, "loan agreements" are usually not categorized although "loan portfolios" are often broadly characterized into "personal" and "commercial" loans while the "commercial" category is then subdivided into "industrial" and "commercial real estate" loans. "Industrial" loans are those that depend on the cashflow and creditworthiness of the company and the widgets or service that it sells. "Commercial real estate" loans are those that repay loans but that depend on the rental revenues paid by tenants who lease space, usually for extended times. More granular categorizations of loan portfolios exist but these are always variations around the larger themes.
short form loan agreement
simple loan agreement
loan agreement form