Defined and addressed in the contract are the issues concerning the agreement. First and foremost, the rights and obligations of both parties must be defined in the written contract. Termination of contract and termination fees should also be included. Commonly, you will find the interest rates and other applicable fees included in the agreement.
For commercial banks and large finance companies, "loan agreements" are usually not categorized although "loan portfolios" are often broadly characterized into "personal" and "commercial" loans while the "commercial" category is then subdivided into "industrial" and "commercial real estate" loans. "Industrial" loans are those that depend on the cashflow and creditworthiness of the company and the widgets or service that it sells. "Commercial real estate" loans are those that repay loans but that depend on the rental revenues paid by tenants who lease space, usually for extended times. More granular categorizations of loan portfolios exist but these are always variations around the larger themes.
It is an unsaid rule in the world of loans that one needs a co-signer to ensure that the student loan gets approved. That said, it does not mean that you would not get loans if you do not have a co-signer to sign on your agreement. There are some lenders in the market who would offer loans to you with you having to worry about the co-signer.
One contract that you will need to have a working knowledge of is a construction loan agreement. Let's take a look at what a construction loan agreement is and why having one is so important.
simple loan agreement
loan agreement between friends
loan agreement form