Prior to entering into a loan agreement, the "borrower" first makes representations about his affairs surrounding his character, creditworthiness, cashflow, and any collateral that he may have available to pledge as security for a loan. These representations are taken into consideration and the lender then determines under what conditions (terms), if any, they are prepared to advance money.
For commercial banks and large finance companies, "loan agreements" are usually not categorized although "loan portfolios" are often broadly characterized into "personal" and "commercial" loans while the "commercial" category is then subdivided into "industrial" and "commercial real estate" loans. "Industrial" loans are those that depend on the cashflow and creditworthiness of the company and the widgets or service that it sells. "Commercial real estate" loans are those that repay loans but that depend on the rental revenues paid by tenants who lease space, usually for extended times. More granular categorizations of loan portfolios exist but these are always variations around the larger themes.
The interest rate for these types of loans is plus 1 percent of prime and is adjusted monthly. For these types of loans, borrowers are completely responsible for all third party costs and points can be bought with these types of loans to keep long term costs down.
Besides a standard loan for which a loan agreement is drawn up, there is another popular type of loan, the demand loan. That is a short term loan, with a period of repayment for up to 180 days. The date for the repayment of the loan is not fixed, and the interest rate for it is a floating one. The demand loan offers advantages for both borrowers and lenders. The lender can demand the repayment of the loan at any time, and on the other hand, the borrower does not need to adhere to a repayment in installments, as the repayment should be made for the entire amount. Furthermore, demand loans are easier to qualify for.
how to write a loan agreement
sample loan agreement between two people
loan agreement between individuals